Cover of: Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces | W. Ronald Fawcett

Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces

From Classical Macroscopic Descriptions to Modern Microscopic Details (Topics in Analytical Chemistry)
  • 638 Pages
  • 1.13 MB
  • English
Oxford University Press, USA
The Physical Object
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7387589M
ISBN 100195094328
ISBN 139780195094329

In a beautiful synthesis of modern chemical physics and classical descriptions of liquids, solutions, and interfaces to the microscopic details ultimately responsible for their properties.

Theoretical discussions are complete and rigorous, yet transparentely straighfoward. Relevant experimental results are strategically presented and anchor the Cited by:   Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces: From Classical Macroscopic Descriptions to Modern Microscopic Details (Topics in Analytical Chemistry) - Kindle edition by Fawcett, W.

Ronald. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces: From Classical Macroscopic /5(5).

You are here: Home Page > Solutions & Mathematics > Chemistry > Physical Chemistry > Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces. OUP's Response to COVID Learn more. $ Hardcover. Published: 01 July Pages | 17 halftones & line illus. /8 x /4 inches.

Description Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces PDF

ISBN: The first five chapters cover liquids and solutions at equilibrium. The following section deals with non-equilibrium properties of solutions and the kinetics of reactions in solutions. The final section addresses important aspects of solutions at interfaces, with an emphasis on fast reactions in solution.

Ronald Fawcett, “Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces: From Classical Macroscopic Descriptions to Modern Microscopic Details” | pages: | ISBN: | PDF | 5,8 mb Fifty years ago solution chemistry occupied a major fraction of physical chemistry textbooks, and dealt mainly with Liquids thermodynamics, phase equilibria, and.

This book brings the reader through the developments from classical macroscopic descriptions to more modern microscopic details.

我来说两句 短评 热门 / 最新 / 好友. 还没人写过短评呢. 还没人写过短评呢. Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces的话题. Surface Chemistry of Solid and Liquid Interfaces provides a concise and easily accessible introduction to this fascinating subject.

With a smooth evolution of ideas from familiar physical chemistry principles, the student can develop a sophisticated understanding of the chemistry of surfaces and interfaces.

Purchase Dynamics of Adsorption at Liquid Interfaces, Volume 1 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNChapter 10 deals with the statics and dynamics of systems of charged particles: ionic liquids (electrolyte solutions and molten salts) and liquid metals.

The key feature of such systems Solutions the infinite range of the bare electrostatic interaction, which leads to Debye screening and charge ordering effects; screening can be quantified by.

Other chapters discuss the adsorption from solutions of various interfaces of liquid/gas, liquid/liquid, or liquid/solid. The final chapter deals Liquids the roles of adsorption from solution in controlling other phenomena, such as liquid–liquid displacement, wetting, and the forces between colloidal particles.

The journal includes papers in the following areas: – Simple organic liquids and mixtures – Ionic liquids – Surfactant solutions (including micelles and vesicles) and liquid interfaces – Colloidal solutions and nanoparticles – Thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals – Ferrofluids – Water, aqueous solutions and other hydrogen-bonded liquids – Lubricants, polymer solutions and.

In this thesis, Till Cremer investigates the bulk properties of ionic liquids (IL), the IL/vacuum interface and the IL/solid interface. For these studies the author primarily uses angle-resolved X-ray. Diffuse Interfaces in Liquids. The States of Polymers in Solution and at Surfaces.

Repulsive “Steric” or “Overlap” Forces between Polymer-Covered Surfaces. Interparticle Forces in Pure Polymer Liquids (Polymer Melts) Attractive “Intersegment” and “Bridging” Forces.

Attractive “Depletion. liquid-liquid interfaces of immiscible liquids [7]. The ability to pattern stable liquid-liquid interfaces opens investigation into several chemical processes involving these interfaces.

These include liquid-liquid extraction, interfacial polymerization and phase transfer reaction. Examples of which are described. Liquid-Liquid Solutions. Nonpolar compounds do not dissolve in water. The attractive forces that operate between the particles in a nonpolar compound are weak dispersion forces.

However, the nonpolar molecules are more attracted to themselves than they are to the polar water molecules. When a nonpolar liquid such as oil is mixed with water, two.

Thermodynamics of interfaces PART II. Liquids 4. Pure liquid surfaces 5. Liquid solution surfaces 6. Experimental determination of surface tension at pure liquid and solution surfaces/interfaces 7. Potential energy of interaction between particles and surfaces PART III.

Solids 8. Solid surfaces 9. Contact angle of liquid drops on solids   Salt effects on water/hydrophobic liquid interfaces: a molecular dynamics study. Chao Zhang 1,2,3 and Paolo Carloni 1,2,3. Published 6 March • IOP Publishing Ltd Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol Number 2.

Examples for liquid-in-gas dispersions are the mist, the clouds, and other aerosols. Liquid-in-liquid dispersions are the emulsions. At room temperature there are only four types of mutually immiscible liquids: water, hydrocarbon oils, fluorocarbon oils, and liquid metals (Hg and Ga).

Many raw materials and products in food and petroleum. The molecular units of a liquid, like those of solids, are in direct contact, but never for any length of time and in the same locations.

Whereas the molecules or ions of a solid maintain the same average positions, those of liquids are continually jumping and sliding to new ones, giving liquids. Interfaces comprised of a liquid interposed between two solids in close proximity are common in small-scale devices. In many cases, the liquid induces large and undesired adhesive forces.

It is of interest, therefore, to model the way in which forces are developed in such an interface. The following chapter presents several models of liquid-mediated adhesion, considering the roles of. States of matter - Liquids and their interfaces.

The term viscosity is a measure of resistance to flow. It can be measured by observing the time required for a given volume of liquid to flow through the narrow part of a viscometer tube.

The viscosity of a substance is related to the strength of the forces acting between its molecular units. A detailed understanding of the chemistry of surfaces and interfaces is required by many research personnel in the chemical and life science industries, as surfaces and interfaces play a critical role in many of the processes they seek to influence.

Surface Chemistry of Solid and Liquid Interfaces provides a concise and easily accessible introduction to this fascinating subject. With a smooth. Liquid, in physics, one of the three principal states of matter, intermediate between gas and crystalline solid. The most obvious physical properties of a liquid are its retention of volume and its conformation to the shape of its container.

Details Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces PDF

Learn more about the properties and behavior of liquids in this article. Structural and Theoretical Treatments of Liquid Interfaces 56 A. Further Development of the Thermodynamic Treatment of the Surface Region 58 B. Calculation of the Surface Energy and Structure of Interfaces 61 3.

Orientation at Interfaces 63 4. The Surface Tension of Solutions 65 A. Binary Solutions 65 B. The Surface Tension of Polymerie. Liquid Surface Tension from the Capillary Rise Method. Drop Volume and Drop Shape Methods, Video‐image Digitization Techniques. Maximum Bubble Pressure Method.

Ring, Wilhelmy Plate Detachment and the Height of a Meniscus on a Vertical Plane Methods. Dynamic Surface Tension Measurement Methods. Methods Applicable to Interfaces Between Two Liquids.

Though our emphasis is on liquid/liquid interface, interfaces also form between liquid and solids, liquid and foam, or liquid and a gas—such as gases (other than air) that are used in tank blanketing.

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Immiscible liquids meet along an interface layer where they undergo some amount of emulsification. This emulsion layer (also called a rag layer. Liquid - Liquid - Solutions and solubilities: The ability of liquids to dissolve solids, other liquids, or gases has long been recognized as one of the fundamental phenomena of nature encountered in daily life.

The practical importance of solutions and the need to understand their properties have challenged numerous writers since the Ionian philosophers and Aristotle. As the first of its kind, this book provides a valuable introduction for scientists and engineers interested in liquid/fluid interfaces and disperse systems to the rapidly developing area of adsorption dynamics.

It is the first extensive review available on the subject of dynamics of adsorption and gives a general summary of the current state of adsorption kinetics theory and experiments.5/5(1). Present interest in the interface between two immiscible electrolytes (liquid liquid or L/L interface) was originated by Koryta's idea (Koryta, Vanysek and Brezina ) that the interface between immiscible liquids could serve as a simple model for one half of a biological membrane in the contact with the surrounding electrolyte.

Aggregation and adsorption at interfaces Surfactants, literally, are active at a surface and that includes any of the liquid/liquid, liquid/gas or liquid/solid systems, so that the subject is quite broad.

In this chapter particular emphasis is placed on adsorption and aggregation phenomena in aqueous systems. For a more thorough account of. The history of the liquid-liquid interface on the earth might be as old as that of the liquid.

It is plausible that the generation of the primitive cell membrane is responsible for an accidental advent of the oldest liquid interfaces, since various compounds can be concentrated by an adsorption at the interface.In the physical sciences, an interface is the boundary between two spatial regions occupied by different matter, or by matter in different physical states.

The interface between matter and air, or matter and vacuum, is called a surface, and studied in surface thermal equilibrium, the regions in contact are called phases, and the interface is called a phase boundary.Liquids, Solutions and Interfaces, W.R.

Fawcett. Oxford University Press, New York () Article in Electrochimica Acta 50(s 16–17)– May with Reads.